Ecosystems-based Watershed Development

Since its inception in 1993 WOTR has been in the forefront of mobilizing vulnerable communities in semi-arid and resource fragile regions to help themselves out of poverty by harvesting rainwater wherever it falls and regenerating the ecosystems they live in. We believe that the well-being and economic sufficiency of agrarian communities, is directly related to the productivity, quality, quantity and range of services that the Ecosystems they live in can provide.

New Challenges – Watershed Development in the context of Climate Change

WOTR’s concept of Watershed and Ecosystems Management in the context of Climate Change builds upon its extensive work and expertise in Watershed Development in organising communities to sustainably manage the ecosystems they live in, and bringing about an optimal equilibrium in the eco-space between natural resources, man and animals.

It roots itself in Ecosystems Management as a means to reduce risks, mitigate the impact of extreme meteorological events, increase productivity, conserve biodiversity, improve the quality of life and stabilise and enhance nature based livelihoods.

In resource fragile areas the demands and claims on the environment are enormous. Unless they are managed within the carrying capacity of the available natural resources, the local ecology and ecosystem will progressively deteriorate to a point where it can no longer provide environmental services. A degraded ecosystem further pushes the communities living within it into poverty and deprivation leading to migration. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment of 2005 found that 15 of the 24 major ecosystems were either degraded or being used unsustainably.

WOTR’s Watershed and Ecosystems Management attempts to build both hard as well soft resilience within communities against disasters of slow and sudden onset such as droughts, moisture stress, infrequent and highly variable rainfall, intense precipitation, and pests and disease attacks. It is a multi-sectoral, multidisciplinary approach that involves continual interaction and exchange between and amongst the various sectors and disciplines.

Watershed Voices

Watershed Voices are our special publications that recount the experiences of Watershed Development in the villages, and narrate the history, processes and impacts of the interventions.

read them..


Tools & Frameworks


  • Technical Trainings in Watershed & Ecosystems Management

  • National Level Training in Watersheds & Ecosystems Management for NGOs


Please contact us at for hard copies of the books.