On May 1, 2020, WOTR brought together a diverse range of stakeholders including policy makers, government officials, researchers, corporate donor representatives, and development practitioners for a half-day virtual workshop in order to reach a consensus on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) for building resilience to COVID-19 in rural Maharashtra.
Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra
The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper 'Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra' by Ramkumar Bendapudi, Ankita Yadav, Sarita Chemburkar and Marcella D’Souza, assesses the cost-benefit ratio of the practice of using farm ponds as surface storage tanks utilising groundwater.
The findings in this paper emerge from a study of 206 farm ponds constructed in six villages, conducted between 2006 and 2017, in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The following two scenarios were considered while assessing the Cost-Benefit ratio 1) considering the direct investment costs of structures 2) considering the indirect costs associated with structures - evaporation losses and land opportunity cost.
The indiscriminate and unregulated practice of filling up the farm ponds by groundwater extraction makes the region more vulnerable to groundwater depletion, resulting in harmful social and environmental implications. The paper recommends monitoring systems in place to ensure the guidelines are followed and the practice of groundwater extraction to fill the farm ponds is controlled.