Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra

The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper 'Adaptation Strategy or Maladaptation – The conversion of Farm ponds into surface storage tanks in Semi-Arid regions of Maharashtra' by Ramkumar Bendapudi, Ankita Yadav, Sarita Chemburkar and Marcella D’Souza, assesses the cost-benefit ratio of the practice of using farm ponds as surface storage tanks utilising groundwater.

The findings in this paper emerge from a study of 206 farm ponds constructed in six villages, conducted between 2006 and 2017, in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The following two scenarios were considered while assessing the Cost-Benefit ratio 1) considering the direct investment costs of structures 2) considering the indirect costs associated with structures - evaporation losses and land opportunity cost.

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Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra

The CARIAA-ASSAR Working Paper 'Subjective Wellbeing Analysis as a means of achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Evidences from the semi-arid villages in Maharashtra' by Bidisha Sinha and Ramkumar Bendapudi, explores the importance of using the group- differentiated needs and satisfaction according to caste, gender and age for achieving policies that benefit all.

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Group Micro irrigation: A study of Telangana Farmers

Under the current regime of climate change and increasing frequency and intensity, the water resources in semi-arid areas have come under a lot of pressure. In the study area of Talakondapally of the Rangareddy district, groundwater levels have been dropping under low rainfall, droughts and dry spells. This has necessitated that the farmers in the area adapt to the changing conditions through an efficient and coordinated use of water rather than privatisation of and competition for water in agriculture. The sharing of available water resources between farmers reduces establishment and input cost along with access to subsidies for setting up drip systems under the intervention. The amount saved in establishment and input costs is also then supplemented by water-use efficiency, water saving and better crop productivity.

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Gaalmukt Dharan, Gaalyukt Shivar(Desilation of Tanks) Scheme: A Drought Proofing Intervention

The current policy brief presents the analysis of Gaalmukt Dharan and Gaalyukt Shivar (GDGS) scheme of Maharashtra Government, which is a supportive program for tank desiltation. Based on interdisciplinary research of seven tanks in the state, it provides the necessary recommendations to modify the existing policy provisions to make it inclusive and robust.

PDF iconPolicy_Brief_GDGS_2_Mar_2020

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Reducing Human Vulnerability to Heat Stress in Rural Communities of Semi-Arid Maharashtra

Increasing temperature and associated health impacts is an emerging public health concern. This policy brief assesses the vulnerability of rural communities towards increasing heat stress in the semi-arid regions of Maharashtra. It further provides suitable policy recommendations to reduce the adverse impacts experienced by the communities.

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Avoiding the Tragedy of the Water Commons: Promoting Sustainable Groundwater Management

As India relies heavily on groundwater for its domestic and irrigation needs, overexploitation of groundwater has led to a decline in the water level. This policy tells us about the tool developed by WOTR known as CoDriVE- VI which helps people to visualize their groundwater resources in 3D format through participatory mapping and enhance their knowledge regarding the available resource and bring them together for sustainable aquifer management

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Socio-Economic Implications: Conversion of Farm Ponds into Surface Storage Tanks in Semi-Arid Maharashtra

As Maharashtra state frequently experiences drought conditions, farmers are widely adopting the farm ponds to secure their agrarian livelihood. On the ground as observed in Sangamner block of Ahmednagar dist., farm ponds are used to store groundwater deviating from the original concept of harvesting rainwater. This brief presents the benefit-cost ratio of this practice and notes the unintended consequences of groundwater extraction to store in the farm ponds.

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Land use/Land cover Changes (LULCC) in Semi-arid Regions of Maharashtra

The rapid land use change can exacerbate the effect of climate change and contributes to resource overuse. This brief provides the information of land use change over the last 25 years in the Mula-Pravara and Purna River basins located in the Godavari River in semi-arid Maharashtra and investigate the driving forces that cause change.The findings from the study could be used to reduce the detrimental effects of unplanned and ad hoc land use changes in this region via implementing suitable land management strategies in the identified hotspots of change.

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